Biography https://www.biography.com/dictator/benito-mussoliniOriginal: April29, 2014
Clark, Martin London. (2005). Mussolini. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral-proquest- com.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca
Lindemann, A.(2013) A History of Modern Europe, From 1815 to the Present. Textbook.
Iodice, Emilio F. (2018) “Lessons from History: The Startling Rise to Power of Benito Mussolini,” The Journal of Values-Based Leadership: Vol. 11 : Iss. 2 , Article 3. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.22543/0733.62.1241
Bonsaver, G. (2007). Censorship and literature in fascist italy. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral-proquest- com.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca
Moorehead, Caroline (2019) “A House in the Mountains, The Women Who Liberated Italy from Fascism”
Imperial War Museums, Telegram June 22, 1942, https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/1030013286)
Timelines of History, https://www.timelines.ws/countries/ITALY_B.HTML
Speech (Translated by NYT)
https://youtu.be/Hpn9iPLbNDc Mussolini speech on March 26, 1939 with English subtitles
By Vincenzo Carrese – www.paulfrecker.com/pictureDetails, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12790041
http://www.artefascista.it/100__scelte__fascismo__archi.htm Accessed April 4, 2020. 100 (and more) images of Italian Fascist Architecture and Art. Art like war was to be bolder,stronger and more beautiful, than real life. For example, the shapes have strength and ‘cream of the crop’ humans.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome – Architect: fascists
Cornelio Galas, http://www.televignole.it/la-donna-e-il-fascismo-1/THE WOMAN AND FASCISM – 1
Published on March 3, 2017
The italian woman … http://webpage.pace.edu/nreagin/F2005WS267/RimmaTsvasman/Propaganda_Gallery.html
The Public History, Digital Historians https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzB8RxFynrE
1. Only 13 years before the birth of Mussolini there was the Young Italy – of Mazzini and his Carbonari (a secret organization meant to overthrow the monarchs and the popes). After Napoleonic ways with Italy, Austria’s Metternich had a free rein in free Italian city states and a goal to restore traditional rulers. Mussolini changed that tract and changed Italy and the world forever.
2. Mussolini was known as promiscous. His first wife and son were both committed and died in hospital. His second wife was cheated on constantly. He died with his long time girlfriend Carla Petaccii. Though he did not care much for the rights of women he did care that women got behind fascism, that women held together the fascist family and most importantly that women produce the next generation of fascist soldiers. Clark recounts his rape of a local girl. “His own later account of this episode is revealing: ‘I grabbed her on the stairway, pushed her into a corner behind a door and made her mine. She got up crying, and insulted me through her tears. She said I had “stolen her honour”. Perhaps so. But what honour was there?”